Ayutthaya Part 2

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Sawasdee Krab,

Ayutthaya Kingdom

Ayutthaya was a Siamese kingdom that existed from 1351 to 1767. Ayutthaya was friendly towards foreign traders, including the Chinese, Vietnamese (Annamese), Indians, Japanese and Persians, and later the Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch and French, permitting them to set up villages outside the walls of the capital, also called Ayutthaya. In the sixteenth century, it was described by foreign traders as one of the biggest and wealthiest cities in the East. The court of King Narai (1656–88) had strong links with that of King Louis XIV of France, whose ambassadors compared the city in size and wealth to Paris.
By 1550, the kingdom’s vassals included some city-states in the Malay Peninsula, Sukhothai, and parts of Cambodia.
In foreign accounts, Ayutthaya was called Siam, but many sources say the people of Ayutthaya called themselves Tai, and their kingdom Krung Tai, ‘The Tai capital’. The word ‘krung’ has alternative meanings, as does ‘tai’, but in this context Tai capital is appropriate.
Historical overview
Origins

According to the most widely accepted version of its origin, the Siamese state based at Ayutthaya in the valley of the Chao Phraya River rose from the earlier, nearby kingdoms of Lavo (at that time still under the Khmer control) and Suphannaphoom (Suvarnabhumi). One source says that, in the mid-fourteenth century, due to the threat of an epidemic, King U Thong moved his court south into the rich floodplain of the Chao Phraya on an island surrounded by rivers, which was the former seaport city of Ayothaya, or Ayothaya Si Raam Thep Nakhon, the Angelic City of Sri Rama. The new city was known as Ayothaya, or Krung Thep Dvaravadi Si Ayothaya. Later it became widely known as Ayutthaya, the Invincible City. Continue reading

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Ayutthaya Part 1

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Sawasdee Krab,

Ancient capital of Thailand.

Ayutthaya (city)

Ayutthaya (full name Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, also spelled “Ayudhya”) city is the capital of Ayutthaya province in Thailand. Located in the valley of the Chao Phraya River, the city was founded in 1350 by King U Thong, who went there to escape a smallpox outbreak in Lop Buri and proclaimed it the capital of his kingdom, often referred to as the Ayutthaya kingdom or Siam. Ayutthaya became the second Siamese capital after Sukhothai. Its remains, characterized by the prang (reliquary towers) and gigantic monasteries, give an idea of its past splendour. It is estimated that Ayutthaya by the year 1600 CE had a population of about 300,000, with the population perhaps reaching 1,000,000 around 1700 CE, making it one of the world’s largest cities at that time. In 1767, the city was destroyed by the Burmese army, resulting in the collapse of the kingdom. The Ayutthaya historical park is the ruins of the former capital of the Kingdom of Siam. It is the site of sacked and destruction of the Ayutthaya city, its art and buildings by the Burmese in 1767, which is recognized internationally as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city was refounded a few kilometers to the east. The city is sometimes called “Venice of the East”.

Ayutthaya is named after the city of Ayodhya in India, the birthplaceof Rama in the Continue reading

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Ayutthaya told to brace for flooding


Hotels2thailand.com

Sawasdee Krab,

Ayutthaya told to brace for flooding

BMA insists capital is prepared

  • Published: 28 Sept 2013

The Royal Irrigation Department has warned of more flooding in Ayutthaya and its downstream areas, with the Pasak River set to rise by up to 1.5m Sunday.

The authority needs to release more water from two dams upstream.

Ayutthaya Irrigation Office director Mitree Pitinanond said he had been informed the Rama VI dam in Tha Rua district will release more water, as the upstream Pasak Jolasid dam in Lop Buri is almost at full capacity and has to increase its own discharge.

The Pasak Jolasid dam is now at 93% of its water storage capacity.

The release of more water from the dams comes after warnings of more rainfall over the next few days.

The Meteorological Department Saturday issued a warning for people in 10 provinces in the Central Plains region and the East to brace for heavy rain triggered by a monsoon.

The warning told people in Nakhon Sawan, Uthai Thani, Lop Buri, Saraburi, Nakhon Nayok, Prachin Buri, Sa Kaeo, Chachoengsao, Chanthaburi and Trat to brace for heavy rain triggered by a monsoon trough over the next few days.

The department also warned of more rain in the Northeast on Tuesday as tropical storm Wutip in the upper South of the China Sea is predicted to make landfall in Vietnam on that day. Continue reading

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